Sender Dependent Outgoing IP Address

Introduction to Outgoing IPs
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By default, when your mail server sends out email the SMTP connection will come from the system's default IP address, typically that assigned to `eth0` . Even if the email is from a domain that has its own private IP, that address will not be used when sending email.

This behavior can be changed on systems running Postfix version 2.7 and Virtualmin 3.94 or later, so that outgoing email from a domain with a private IP address appears to come from that address. This can be useful for separating email from multiple domains as seen by other mail servers, or for setting up per-domain reverse DNS records.

Initial Configuration
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This feature requires Postfix 2.7 (seen on most modern Linux distributions), Virtualmin 3.93 and ideally Webmin 1.600. The steps to set it up are as follows :

1. SSH into the system as `root`, and edit the `/etc/postfix/main.cf` file.
2. Look for a line starting with `sender_dependent_default_transport_maps` . If it already exists, your system is already ready.
3. Otherwise, add the line `sender_dependent_default_transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/dependent`
4. Run the command `touch /etc/postfix/dependent`
5. Run the command `postmap hash:/etc/postfix/dependent`

Enabling In Virtualmin
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To enable use of a domain's IP address for outgoing SMTP connections in Virtualmin, simply go to **Server Configuration** -> **Email Settings** , and change **Send outgoing email for domain from IP** to **Virtual server's address** . Then click the **Save** button.

You can also enable this feature using the API command `modify-mail` , with the `--outgoing-ip` flag.