This guide consolidates the steps for adding both a Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate and a commercial SSL certificate to your Virtualmin hosted domains.

It simplifies the process of securing your website, catering to different needs — whether you prefer Let’s Encrypt or a commercial SSL certificate.


  • Self-signed certificate: Initially, a self-signed certificate is created by Virtualmin, which can trigger security warnings in a browser. This is normal and expected behavior. It doesn’t make your website any less secure, but it is recommended to replace the self-signed certificate with a valid SSL certificate as soon as possible.
  • No dedicated IP needed: Modern SSL setups don’t require a dedicated IP per domain.

Adding a free Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate

  1. Log into Virtualmin: Access your Virtualmin panel with your administrator credentials.
  2. Select domain: From the navigation menu, choose the domain to secure. Before continuing make sure that SSL website enabled feature is enabled in Edit Virtual Server page.
  3. Navigate to SSL options: Go to Manage Virtual Server ⇾ Setup SSL Certificate page for this domain.
  4. Switch to Let’s Encrypt tab: Click on Let’s Encrypt tab.
  5. Configure Let’s Encrypt options:
    • Request certificate for: By default, Virtualmin will request a certificate for your main domain and any aliases. Make sure all the domain variations you want covered are listed in additional Domain names listed here text box.
    • Wildcard certificate: Extra option Also request wildcard certificate is used to obtain certificates that cover all the subdomains associated with this server.

      Note: This option is available only if DNS is controlled by Virtualmin.

    • Automatically renew certificate: It is recommended to enable automatic renewal of the SSL certificate. Let’s Encrypt certificates are only valid for 90 days.
    • Certificate Hash Type: Choose between RSA and EC (Elliptic curve) options. RSA is widely compatible and traditionally used, while EC offers stronger security in a smaller key size, leading to potentially better performance.
    • Check connectivity first: This feature performs preliminary checks to ensure that your domain is correctly set up and accessible over the internet before proceeding with the SSL certificate request to avoid reaching Let’s Encrypt rate limits.
  6. Request certificate: Click Request Certificate. Virtualmin handles the rest.
  7. Verify installation: Visit to check.
  8. Force HTTPS: Optionally, redirect HTTP to HTTPS in Web Configuration ⇾ Website Options page.

Troubleshooting common Let’s Encrypt issues

Please note that Virtualmin is designed to handle the Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate request and installation process automatically. However, if there have been manual changes made to the configuration files or specific server settings, these could interfere with the process. If you encounter issues, consider the following points for troubleshooting:

  • DNS: If Let’s Encrypt cannot verify your domain, ensure your DNS settings are correct and propagated.

    1. Verify DNS records: Ensure that both the A (IPv4) and AAAA (IPv6) DNS records for your domain are correctly pointing to your server’s IP addresses. These records should be configured with your domain registrar or DNS provider.
    2. Consistency between DNS and web server:
      • IPv4 and IPv6 consistency: Make sure that both the IPv4 and IPv6 addresses in your DNS records match the IP addresses configured on your web server.
      • Virtual Host configuration: In Virtualmin, check that your virtual host configuration for the domain includes settings for both IPv4 and IPv6 if applicable. This is often relevant for Apache or Nginx webservers.
    3. Check for propagation: After making any changes to DNS records, wait for them to propagate. This can take anywhere from a few minutes to 48 hours, depending on the TTL (Time To Live) settings of your DNS records.
  • Check for HTTP to HTTPS redirection: Before requesting a Let’s Encrypt certificate, ensure that your server is not redirecting HTTP traffic to HTTPS for the domain in question. Let’s Encrypt needs to access a specific URL on your domain (e.g. to verify domain ownership. If all traffic is redirected to HTTPS before the certificate is installed, this verification can fail.

  • Correct virtual host configuration: Make sure the Apache or Nginx virtual host for your domain is correctly configured and pointing to the right document root.

If you encounter any errors during the process, the error messages provided by Virtualmin are often helpful in diagnosing the issue. Be sure to check them if anything goes wrong.

Adding a commercial SSL certificate

  1. Select domain: From the navigation menu, choose the domain to secure. Before continuing make sure that SSL website enabled feature is enabled in Edit Virtual Server page.
  2. Generate CSR: Go to Manage Virtual Server ⇾ Setup SSL Certificate page, choose Create Signing Request tab, and fill in the required details to generate a CSR.
  3. Obtain certificate: Use the CSR to acquire an SSL certificate from a certificate authority.
  4. Install certificate: Set up issued SSL certificate in Update Certificate and Key tab.
  5. CA bundle: Optionally, install any provided CA bundle or intermediate certificate.
  6. Verify installation: Visit to check.

This comprehensive guide ensures you have all the necessary information to secure your Virtualmin domains with either Let’s Encrypt or a commercial SSL certificate, tailored to your specific needs and website requirements.