Virtualmin Virtual Server Owners Guide

Virtualmin Virtual Server Owners Guide

Introduction

Virtualmin allows you, the domain virtual server account holder, to manage your website files, mailboxes, databases, DNS entries, and install scripts.

Getting Started

Logging in to Virtualmin

Virtualmin is the administrative interface, or control panel, you will use for most of the administrative functions you'd like to accomplish. You can open your account using any browser (modern browsers like Firefox, Safari, and Opera are recommended), by browsing to port 10000 on the server address using the HTTPS protocol.

For example, if your domain were virtualmin.com, you could access it at the URL: https://virtualmin.com:10000

Enter your username and password, as provided by your system administrator.

Navigating Virtualmin

When you login to Virtualmin, you'll see a left-hand menu bar and a right-hand content page, as shown in the diagram below:

image:/images/first-look.png

The left menu contains all of the options available for your domain. Some shown here might not be available in your menu, it depends on the options available for your domain.

The right content page opens with a summary of your virtual server data, such as number of domains, disk usage, mailboxes etc.

Uploading Files

There are several ways to upload content to your Virtualmin account. You can use any of them or all of them, based on your needs and skills.

SSH, SCP and FTP over SSH

The preferred method for sending many files, directories of files, or very large files, is the SSH protocol. SSH is a fast and secure protocol, that allows you to safely login, upload and download files, and manage existing files. SCP is the name for file transfer commands that work using the SSH protocol. Likewise, FTP over SSH (sometimes also called FISH, or SFTP) is a mechanism for providing FTP-like service over a secure link.

There are many graphical and textmode clients for the SSH protocol available for free and commercially.

We'll cover where to find SSH-capable clients for your Operating System, and we'll provide a few examples of using them to manage the files in your Virtualmin account.

Windows SCP Clients

pscp

The best free command line SCP client is called pscp.exe and it can be found at:

http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html

It is related to PuTTY, which is a very nice free SSH client.

After you've placed the pscp.exe file into your system path, using it is quite simple. In a DOS shell, simply enter a command like the following:

C:\> pscp.exe myfile.htm user@domain.tld:/home/user/public_html

Then, enter your password at the prompt, and hit enter. This will copy the file "myfile.htm", located in the current directory, to the `/home/user/public_html` folder on the Virtualmin server.

Windows graphical FTP clients

Filezilla

A free graphical FTP client that supports FTP over SSH is Filezilla. Filezilla Home Page.

To Configure Filezilla:

  1. Download and Install Filezilla
  2. Run Filezilla
  3. File → Site Manager →
  4. Click "New Site" → Give it a name such as "example"
  5. In the top right "Host" box fill in "example.com"
  6. In the "Servertype" box choose "SFTP using SSH2"
  7. "Logontype" choose "Normal"
  8. Fill in the "User" and "Password" boxes with the virtual server owner username and password respectively.
  9. In Virtualmin → Webmin → Servers → SSH Server
  10. Access Control → Only allow users → add the above virtual server username
  11. Click "Save" → Click "Apply Changes"

Your admin user will be able to use a graphical FTP style program or Dreamweaver to upload their pages now.

WinSCP

Another good free graphical FTP over SSH option is WinSCP:

WinSCP Home Page

After installation, simply start it up. It will ask for your login information. Enter the details as provided by your system administrator for hostname, username, and password. Then click Login.

Now you'll see a window displaying the files in your Virtualmin account home directory. You can copy files into your `public_html` directory to make them accessible via the webserver, or into the `cgi-bin` directory, if the files are executable CGI scripts.

Mac OS X SCP Clients

scp

Mac OS X includes the free OpenSSH SCP client, called simply scp. Usage is just like Linux and UNIX scp clients. Open a Terminal and execute a command like the following:

$ scp myfile.htm user@domain.tld:/home/usr/public_html

After this hit enter, and then enter your password.

Cyberduck

Cyberduck is a popular Mac-native Open Source graphical FTP client that supports SCP, SFTP, FTP over SSL, WebDAV/SSL, and Amazon S3 secure connections.

It also integrates very cleanly with most favorite external OSX text editors, like SubEthaEdit, BBEdit, TextWrangler, Text-Edit Plus, TextMate, mi, Smultron, JeditX, CSSEdit, CotEditor and Tag, skEdit, and PageSpinner.

Download it for free from here:

[http://cyberduck.ch// Cyberduck Home Page]

Linux SCP Clients

scp

Like Mac OS X, all Linux distributions include a complete SSH implementation, including the scp command. Run the following to copy a file named "myfile.htm" to the domain.tld server using the username "user":

$ scp myfile.htm user@domain.tld:/home/usr/public_html

After this hit enter, and then enter your password.

gftp

gftp is a popular Gnome-based graphical FTP client that also supports scp and FTP over SSH protocol connections.

Download it for free from here:

[http://gftp.seul.org/ gftp Home Page]

Or, preferably, simply install the package provided by your OS vendor. gftp is very popular and is available from the majority of Linux distributions, so you don't need to build it yourself.

WebDAV

FTP

Your FTP client should be configured to connect to yourdomain.tld, or, if DNS has not yet propagated, you could use the IP address or temporary hostname given to you by your administrator (which will be of the form youdomain.hostdomain.tld). You will use the domain account name and password given to you by your system administrator. Note that, by default, only the domain account has FTP access to the website data for your account, and additional users are only email users.

Webmin File Manager Applet

Webmin Upload and Download module