Websites all show the same content

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#1 Thu, 02/10/2011 - 09:52
lbradford

Websites all show the same content

I have setup Virtualmin with three virtual sites. The sites all point to /var/www/html instead of the /home//public_html/ where I have setup the content. I have checked all of the sites and they are all pointing to their home location. I cannot find where I need to change the code to point to the virtual directory instead.

I am using the Virtualmin GPL version.

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 09:59
andreychek

Howdy,

Take a peek at this document, and check out the section named "The wrong website shows up". That should hopefully get you straightened up :-)

https://www.virtualmin.com/documentation/web/troubleshooting

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 10:22 (Reply to #2)
lbradford

Thanks. I am using CentOS 5.5 but I am running OpenVPN on the box as well. Would this cause an issue?

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 11:08
andreychek

Sorry, I'm not sure how running OpenVPN might affect it. It probably comes down to how OpenVPN is configured :-)

My initial guess is still that you're seeing some sort of issue that could be corrected by following the information in the document above, but it could certainly be an OpenVPN issue as well.

-Eric

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 17:38 (Reply to #4)
lbradford

I have completely rebuilt my machine and still the default location that I set in httpd.conf is the location that the virtual websites point to. How can this be fixed?

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 17:54
helpmin

Actually I am curious what you mean by "that I set in httpd.conf". Does this mean you manually edited that file?

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 18:13 (Reply to #6)
lbradford

I rebuilt my machine and did not make any changes to the file. Started virtualmin and added two domains using private IP addresses. The domains were added and the virtualhosts were added to the httpd.conf file. The websites still pointed to the /var/www/html location instead of the /home/domain location. I edited the httpd.conf file to point to the /home/ directory and can see my sites however the sites look like an ftp listing instead of showing the domain.

I am using the GPL version and was wondering if the professional version will make this work easier? I am concerned to try because of this issue.

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 18:28
andreychek

Howdy,

It sounds like you're dealing with some sort of IP address mismatch in the VirtualHost block of your httpd.conf file.

Could you post your httpd.conf file? We could then take a look at it and see if there's any issues that stand out.

Buying the Pro version won't solve this problem -- while the Pro version does come with more features, what you're seeing now is an Apache issue... and both configure Apache in the same way :-)

Thanks,

-Eric

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 18:34 (Reply to #8)
lbradford

#

This is the main Apache server configuration file. It contains the configuration directives that give the server its instructions. See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/> for detailed information. In particular, see <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html> for a discussion of each configuration directive.

# #

Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure consult the online docs. You have been warned.

#

The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections: 1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a whole (the 'global environment'). 2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server, which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host. These directives also provide default values for the settings of all virtual hosts. 3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the same Apache server process.

#

Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do not begin with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/foo.log" with ServerRoot set to "/etc/httpd" will be interpreted by the server as "/etc/httpd/logs/foo.log".

#

Section 1: Global Environment

#

The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache, such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it can find its configuration files.

#

#

Don't give away too much information about all the subcomponents we are running. Comment out this line if you don't mind remote sites finding out what major optional modules you are running

ServerTokens OS

#

ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's configuration, error, and log files are kept.

#

NOTE! If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network) mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation (available at <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/mpm_common.html#lockfile>); you will save yourself a lot of trouble.

#

Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.

# ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"

#

PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process identification number when it starts.

# PidFile run/httpd.pid

#

Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.

# Timeout 120

#

KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.

# KeepAlive Off

#

MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount. We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.

# MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

#

KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the same client on the same connection.

# KeepAliveTimeout 15

#

Server-Pool Size Regulation (MPM specific)

prefork MPM StartServers: number of server processes to start MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare ServerLimit: maximum value for MaxClients for the lifetime of the server MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves

StartServers 8 MinSpareServers 5 MaxSpareServers 20 ServerLimit 256 MaxClients 256 MaxRequestsPerChild 4000

worker MPM StartServers: initial number of server processes to start MaxClients: maximum number of simultaneous client connections MinSpareThreads: minimum number of worker threads which are kept spare MaxSpareThreads: maximum number of worker threads which are kept spare ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in each server process MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves

StartServers 2 MaxClients 150 MinSpareThreads 25 MaxSpareThreads 75 ThreadsPerChild 25 MaxRequestsPerChild 0

#

Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or ports, in addition to the default. See also the directive.

#

Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses (0.0.0.0)

#

Listen 12.34.56.78:80

Listen 80

#

Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support

#

To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the directives contained in it are actually available before they are used. Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need to be loaded here.

#

Example: LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so

#

LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so LoadModule authn_alias_module modules/mod_authn_alias.so LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so LoadModule authn_default_module modules/mod_authn_default.so LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so LoadModule authz_default_module modules/mod_authz_default.so LoadModule ldap_module modules/mod_ldap.so LoadModule authnz_ldap_module modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so LoadModule suexec_module modules/mod_suexec.so LoadModule disk_cache_module modules/mod_disk_cache.so LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so LoadModule mem_cache_module modules/mod_mem_cache.so LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so

#

The following modules are not loaded by default:

#

LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so

#

Load config files from the config directory "/etc/httpd/conf.d".

#

Include conf.d/*.conf

#

ExtendedStatus controls whether Apache will generate "full" status information (ExtendedStatus On) or just basic information (ExtendedStatus Off) when the "server-status" handler is called. The default is Off.

#

ExtendedStatus On

#

If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run httpd as root initially and it will switch.

#

User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as. . On SCO (ODT 3) use "User nouser" and "Group nogroup". . On HPUX you may not be able to use shared memory as nobody, and the suggested workaround is to create a user www and use that user. NOTE that some kernels refuse to setgid(Group) or semctl(IPC_SET) when the value of (unsigned)Group is above 60000; don't use Group #-1 on these systems!

#

User apache Group apache

Section 2: 'Main' server configuration

#

The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main' server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a definition. These values also provide defaults for any containers you may define later in the file.

#

All of these directives may appear inside containers, in which case these default settings will be overridden for the virtual host being defined.

#

#

ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages, such as error documents. e.g. admin@your-domain.com

#

ServerAdmin root@localhost

#

ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself. This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.

#

If this is not set to valid DNS name for your host, server-generated redirections will not work. See also the UseCanonicalName directive.

#

If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here. You will have to access it by its address anyway, and this will make redirections work in a sensible way.

#

ServerName lweb2.cscmedianetworks.com:80

#

UseCanonicalName: Determines how Apache constructs self-referencing URLs and the SERVER_NAME and SERVER_PORT variables. When set "Off", Apache will use the Hostname and Port supplied by the client. When set "On", Apache will use the value of the ServerName directive.

#

UseCanonicalName Off

#

DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.

#

DocumentRoot "/home/"

#

Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that directory (and its subdirectories).

#

First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of features.

#

Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None

#

Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it below.

#

#

This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.

#

#

Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All", or any combination of: Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews

#

Note that "MultiViews" must be named explicitly --- "Options All" doesn't give it to you.

#

The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options for more information.

# Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

#

AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files. It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords: Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit

# AllowOverride None

#

Controls who can get stuff from this server.

# Order allow,deny Allow from all

#

UserDir: The name of the directory that is appended onto a user's home directory if a ~user request is received.

#

The path to the end user account 'public_html' directory must be accessible to the webserver userid. This usually means that ~userid must have permissions of 711, ~userid/public_html must have permissions of 755, and documents contained therein must be world-readable. Otherwise, the client will only receive a "403 Forbidden" message.

#

See also: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/misc/FAQ.html#forbidden

#

# # UserDir is disabled by default since it can confirm the presence # of a username on the system (depending on home directory # permissions). # UserDir disable

# # To enable requests to /~user/ to serve the user's public_html # directory, remove the "UserDir disable" line above, and uncomment # the following line instead: # #UserDir public_html

#

Control access to UserDir directories. The following is an example for a site where these directories are restricted to read-only.

#

AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit Options MultiViews Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch IncludesNoExec Order allow,deny Allow from all Order deny,allow Deny from all

#

DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory is requested.

#

The index.html.var file (a type-map) is used to deliver content- negotiated documents. The MultiViews Option can be used for the same purpose, but it is much slower.

#

DirectoryIndex index.html index.html.var

#

AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory for additional configuration directives. See also the AllowOverride directive.

#

AccessFileName .htaccess

#

The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being viewed by Web clients.

#

Order allow,deny Deny from all

#

TypesConfig describes where the mime.types file (or equivalent) is to be found.

#

TypesConfig /etc/mime.types

#

DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions. If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are text.

#

DefaultType text/plain

#

The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.

#

MIMEMagicFile /usr/share/magic.mime MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

#

HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off). The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the nameserver.

#

HostnameLookups Off

#

EnableMMAP: Control whether memory-mapping is used to deliver files (assuming that the underlying OS supports it). The default is on; turn this off if you serve from NFS-mounted filesystems. On some systems, turning it off (regardless of filesystem) can improve performance; for details, please see http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#enablemmap

#

EnableMMAP off

#

EnableSendfile: Control whether the sendfile kernel support is used to deliver files (assuming that the OS supports it). The default is on; turn this off if you serve from NFS-mounted filesystems. Please see http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#enablesendfile

#

EnableSendfile off

#

ErrorLog: The location of the error log file. If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be logged here. If you do define an error logfile for a container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.

#

ErrorLog logs/error_log

#

LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log. Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit, alert, emerg.

#

LogLevel warn

#

The following directives define some format nicknames for use with a CustomLog directive (see below).

#

LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

"combinedio" includes actual counts of actual bytes received (%I) and sent (%O); this requires the mod_logio module to be loaded. LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio

#

The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format). If you do not define any access logfiles within a container, they will be logged here. Contrariwise, if you do define per- access logfiles, transactions will be logged therein and not in this file.

#

CustomLog logs/access_log common

#

If you would like to have separate agent and referer logfiles, uncomment the following directives.

#

CustomLog logs/referer_log referer CustomLog logs/agent_log agent

#

For a single logfile with access, agent, and referer information (Combined Logfile Format), use the following directive:

#

CustomLog logs/access_log combined

#

Optionally add a line containing the server version and virtual host name to server-generated pages (internal error documents, FTP directory listings, mod_status and mod_info output etc., but not CGI generated documents or custom error documents). Set to "EMail" to also include a mailto: link to the ServerAdmin. Set to one of: On | Off | EMail

#

ServerSignature On

#

Aliases: Add here as many aliases as you need (with no limit). The format is Alias fakename realname

#

Note that if you include a trailing / on fakename then the server will require it to be present in the URL. So "/icons" isn't aliased in this example, only "/icons/". If the fakename is slash-terminated, then the realname must also be slash terminated, and if the fakename omits the trailing slash, the realname must also omit it.

#

We include the /icons/ alias for FancyIndexed directory listings. If you do not use FancyIndexing, you may comment this out.

#

Alias /icons/ "/var/www/icons/"

Options Indexes MultiViews AllowOverride None Order allow,deny Allow from all

#

WebDAV module configuration section.

# Location of the WebDAV lock database. DAVLockDB /var/lib/dav/lockdb

#

ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that documents in the realname directory are treated as applications and run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the client. The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias directives as to Alias.

#

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"

#

"/var/www/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.

#

AllowOverride None Options None Order allow,deny Allow from all

#

Redirect allows you to tell clients about documents which used to exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. This allows you to tell the clients where to look for the relocated document. Example: Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

#

Directives controlling the display of server-generated directory listings.

#

#

IndexOptions: Controls the appearance of server-generated directory listings.

# IndexOptions FancyIndexing VersionSort NameWidth=* HTMLTable

#

AddIcon* directives tell the server which icon to show for different files or filename extensions. These are only displayed for FancyIndexed directories.

#

AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip

AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/* AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/* AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/* AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*

AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core

AddIcon /icons/back.gif .. AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^ AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^

#

DefaultIcon is which icon to show for files which do not have an icon explicitly set.

#

DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif

#

AddDescription allows you to place a short description after a file in server-generated indexes. These are only displayed for FancyIndexed directories. Format: AddDescription "description" filename

#

AddDescription "GZIP compressed document" .gz AddDescription "tar archive" .tar AddDescription "GZIP compressed tar archive" .tgz

#

ReadmeName is the name of the README file the server will look for by default, and append to directory listings.

#

HeaderName is the name of a file which should be prepended to directory indexes.

ReadmeName README.html HeaderName HEADER.html

#

IndexIgnore is a set of filenames which directory indexing should ignore and not include in the listing. Shell-style wildcarding is permitted.

#

IndexIgnore .??* ~ *# HEADER README* RCS CVS *,v *,t

#

DefaultLanguage and AddLanguage allows you to specify the language of a document. You can then use content negotiation to give a browser a file in a language the user can understand.

#

Specify a default language. This means that all data going out without a specific language tag (see below) will be marked with this one. You probably do NOT want to set this unless you are sure it is correct for all cases.

#

* It is generally better to not mark a page as * being a certain language than marking it with the wrong * language!

#

DefaultLanguage nl

#

Note 1: The suffix does not have to be the same as the language keyword --- those with documents in Polish (whose net-standard language code is pl) may wish to use "AddLanguage pl .po" to avoid the ambiguity with the common suffix for perl scripts.

#

Note 2: The example entries below illustrate that in some cases the two character 'Language' abbreviation is not identical to the two character 'Country' code for its country, E.g. 'Danmark/dk' versus 'Danish/da'.

#

Note 3: In the case of 'ltz' we violate the RFC by using a three char specifier. There is 'work in progress' to fix this and get the reference data for rfc1766 cleaned up.

#

Catalan (ca) - Croatian (hr) - Czech (cs) - Danish (da) - Dutch (nl) English (en) - Esperanto (eo) - Estonian (et) - French (fr) - German (de) Greek-Modern (el) - Hebrew (he) - Italian (it) - Japanese (ja) Korean (ko) - Luxembourgeois* (ltz) - Norwegian Nynorsk (nn) Norwegian (no) - Polish (pl) - Portugese (pt) Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR) - Russian (ru) - Swedish (sv) Simplified Chinese (zh-CN) - Spanish (es) - Traditional Chinese (zh-TW)

#

AddLanguage ca .ca AddLanguage cs .cz .cs AddLanguage da .dk AddLanguage de .de AddLanguage el .el AddLanguage en .en AddLanguage eo .eo AddLanguage es .es AddLanguage et .et AddLanguage fr .fr AddLanguage he .he AddLanguage hr .hr AddLanguage it .it AddLanguage ja .ja AddLanguage ko .ko AddLanguage ltz .ltz AddLanguage nl .nl AddLanguage nn .nn AddLanguage no .no AddLanguage pl .po AddLanguage pt .pt AddLanguage pt-BR .pt-br AddLanguage ru .ru AddLanguage sv .sv AddLanguage zh-CN .zh-cn AddLanguage zh-TW .zh-tw

#

LanguagePriority allows you to give precedence to some languages in case of a tie during content negotiation.

#

Just list the languages in decreasing order of preference. We have more or less alphabetized them here. You probably want to change this.

#

LanguagePriority en ca cs da de el eo es et fr he hr it ja ko ltz nl nn no pl pt pt-BR ru sv zh-CN zh-TW

#

ForceLanguagePriority allows you to serve a result page rather than MULTIPLE CHOICES (Prefer) [in case of a tie] or NOT ACCEPTABLE (Fallback) [in case no accepted languages matched the available variants]

#

ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback

#

Specify a default charset for all content served; this enables interpretation of all content as UTF-8 by default. To use the default browser choice (ISO-8859-1), or to allow the META tags in HTML content to override this choice, comment out this directive:

#

AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

#

AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration file mime.types for specific file types.

#

AddType application/x-tar .tgz

#

AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this. Despite the name similarity, the following Add* directives have nothing to do with the FancyIndexing customization directives above.

#

AddEncoding x-compress .Z AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:

#

AddType application/x-compress .Z AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

#

AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers": actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server or added with the Action directive (see below)

#

To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories: (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)

#

AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

#

For files that include their own HTTP headers:

#

AddHandler send-as-is asis

#

For type maps (negotiated resources): (This is enabled by default to allow the Apache "It Worked" page to be distributed in multiple languages.)

#

AddHandler type-map var

#

Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.

#

To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI): (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)

#

AddType text/html .shtml AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

#

Action lets you define media types that will execute a script whenever a matching file is called. This eliminates the need for repeated URL pathnames for oft-used CGI file processors. Format: Action media/type /cgi-script/location Format: Action handler-name /cgi-script/location

#

#

Customizable error responses come in three flavors: 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects

#

Some examples: ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo." ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl" ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html

#

#

Putting this all together, we can internationalize error responses.

#

We use Alias to redirect any /error/HTTP_.html.var response to our collection of by-error message multi-language collections. We use includes to substitute the appropriate text.

#

You can modify the messages' appearance without changing any of the default HTTP_.html.var files by adding the line:

#

Alias /error/include/ "/your/include/path/"

#

which allows you to create your own set of files by starting with the /var/www/error/include/ files and copying them to /your/include/path/, even on a per-VirtualHost basis.

#

Alias /error/ "/var/www/error/"

AllowOverride None Options IncludesNoExec AddOutputFilter Includes html AddHandler type-map var Order allow,deny Allow from all LanguagePriority en es de fr ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback

ErrorDocument 400 /error/HTTP_BAD_REQUEST.html.var ErrorDocument 401 /error/HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED.html.var ErrorDocument 403 /error/HTTP_FORBIDDEN.html.var ErrorDocument 404 /error/HTTP_NOT_FOUND.html.var ErrorDocument 405 /error/HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED.html.var ErrorDocument 408 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_TIME_OUT.html.var ErrorDocument 410 /error/HTTP_GONE.html.var ErrorDocument 411 /error/HTTP_LENGTH_REQUIRED.html.var ErrorDocument 412 /error/HTTP_PRECONDITION_FAILED.html.var ErrorDocument 413 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE.html.var ErrorDocument 414 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE.html.var ErrorDocument 415 /error/HTTP_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE.html.var ErrorDocument 500 /error/HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR.html.var ErrorDocument 501 /error/HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED.html.var ErrorDocument 502 /error/HTTP_BAD_GATEWAY.html.var ErrorDocument 503 /error/HTTP_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE.html.var ErrorDocument 506 /error/HTTP_VARIANT_ALSO_VARIES.html.var

#

The following directives modify normal HTTP response behavior to handle known problems with browser implementations.

#

BrowserMatch "Mozilla/2" nokeepalive BrowserMatch "MSIE 4.0b2;" nokeepalive downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0 BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4.0" force-response-1.0 BrowserMatch "Java/1.0" force-response-1.0 BrowserMatch "JDK/1.0" force-response-1.0

#

The following directive disables redirects on non-GET requests for a directory that does not include the trailing slash. This fixes a problem with Microsoft WebFolders which does not appropriately handle redirects for folders with DAV methods. Same deal with Apple's DAV filesystem and Gnome VFS support for DAV.

# BrowserMatch "Microsoft Data Access Internet Publishing Provider" redirect-carefully BrowserMatch "MS FrontPage" redirect-carefully BrowserMatch "^WebDrive" redirect-carefully BrowserMatch "^WebDAVFS/1.[0123]" redirect-carefully BrowserMatch "^gnome-vfs/1.0" redirect-carefully BrowserMatch "^XML Spy" redirect-carefully BrowserMatch "^Dreamweaver-WebDAV-SCM1" redirect-carefully

#

Allow server status reports generated by mod_status, with the URL of http://servername/server-status Change the ".example.com" to match your domain to enable.

#

SetHandler server-status Order deny,allow Deny from all Allow from .example.com

#

Allow remote server configuration reports, with the URL of http://servername/server-info (requires that mod_info.c be loaded). Change the ".example.com" to match your domain to enable.

#

SetHandler server-info Order deny,allow Deny from all Allow from .example.com

#

Proxy Server directives. Uncomment the following lines to enable the proxy server:

#

ProxyRequests On

#

Order deny,allow Deny from all Allow from .example.com

#

Enable/disable the handling of HTTP/1.1 "Via:" headers. ("Full" adds the server version; "Block" removes all outgoing Via: headers) Set to one of: Off | On | Full | Block

#

ProxyVia On

#

To enable a cache of proxied content, uncomment the following lines. See http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/mod_cache.html for more details.

#

CacheEnable disk / CacheRoot "/var/cache/mod_proxy"

#

End of proxy directives.

Section 3: Virtual Hosts

#

VirtualHost: If you want to maintain multiple domains/hostnames on your machine you can setup VirtualHost containers for them. Most configurations use only name-based virtual hosts so the server doesn't need to worry about IP addresses. This is indicated by the asterisks in the directives below.

#

Please see the documentation at <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/vhosts/> for further details before you try to setup virtual hosts.

#

You may use the command line option '-S' to verify your virtual host configuration.

#

Use name-based virtual hosting.

#

#

NOTE: NameVirtualHost cannot be used without a port specifier (e.g. :80) if mod_ssl is being used, due to the nature of the SSL protocol.

#

#

VirtualHost example: Almost any Apache directive may go into a VirtualHost container. The first VirtualHost section is used for requests without a known server name.

#

ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com DocumentRoot /www/docs/dummy-host.example.com ServerName dummy-host.example.com ErrorLog logs/dummy-host.example.com-error_log CustomLog logs/dummy-host.example.com-access_log common

SuexecUserGroup "#500" "#501" ServerName harnessville.com ServerAlias www.harnessville.com ServerAlias webmail.harnessville.com ServerAlias admin.harnessville.com ServerAlias DocumentRoot /home/harnessville/public_html ErrorLog /home/harnessville/logs/error_log CustomLog /home/harnessville/logs/access_log combined ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /home/harnessville/cgi-bin/ ScriptAlias /awstats/ /home/harnessville/cgi-bin/ DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php index.php4 index.php5 Options Indexes IncludesNOEXEC FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI allow from all AllowOverride All AddHandler fcgid-script .php AddHandler fcgid-script .php5 FCGIWrapper /home/harnessville/fcgi-bin/php5.fcgi .php FCGIWrapper /home/harnessville/fcgi-bin/php5.fcgi .php5 allow from all RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} =webmail.harnessville.com RewriteRule ^(.) https://harnessville.com:20000/ [R] RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} =admin.harnessville.com RewriteRule ^(.) https://harnessville.com:10000/ [R] Alias /dav "/home/harnessville/public_html" Alias /pipermail "/var/lib/mailman/archives/public" DAV On AuthType Basic AuthName harnessville.com AuthUserFile /home/harnessville/etc/dav.digest.passwd Require valid-user ForceType text/plain Satisfy All RemoveHandler .php RemoveHandler .php5 RewriteEngine off AuthName "harnessville.com statistics" AuthType Basic AuthUserFile /home/harnessville/.awstats-htpasswd require valid-user RedirectMatch /cgi-bin/mailman/([^/.])(.cgi)?(.) "https://harnessville.com:10000/virtualmin-mailman/unauthenticated/$1.cgi$3" RedirectMatch /mailman/([^/.])(.cgi)?(.) "https://harnessville.com:10000/virtualmin-mailman/unauthenticated/$1.cgi$3" RemoveHandler .php RemoveHandler .php5 IPCCommTimeout 31

SuexecUserGroup "#500" "#501" ServerName harnessville.com ServerAlias www.harnessville.com ServerAlias webmail.harnessville.com ServerAlias admin.harnessville.com ServerAlias DocumentRoot /home/harnessville/public_html ErrorLog /home/harnessville/logs/error_log CustomLog /home/harnessville/logs/access_log combined ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /home/harnessville/cgi-bin/ ScriptAlias /awstats/ /home/harnessville/cgi-bin/ DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php index.php4 index.php5 Options Indexes IncludesNOEXEC FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI allow from all AllowOverride All AddHandler fcgid-script .php AddHandler fcgid-script .php5 FCGIWrapper /home/harnessville/fcgi-bin/php5.fcgi .php FCGIWrapper /home/harnessville/fcgi-bin/php5.fcgi .php5 allow from all RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} =webmail.harnessville.com RewriteRule ^(.) https://harnessville.com:20000/ [R] RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} =admin.harnessville.com RewriteRule ^(.) https://harnessville.com:10000/ [R] SSLEngine on SSLCertificateFile /home/harnessville/ssl.cert SSLCertificateKeyFile /home/harnessville/ssl.key Alias /dav /home/harnessville/public_html Alias /pipermail /var/lib/mailman/archives/public DAV On AuthType Basic AuthName harnessville.com AuthUserFile /home/harnessville/etc/dav.digest.passwd Require valid-user ForceType text/plain Satisfy All RemoveHandler .php RemoveHandler .php5 RewriteEngine off AuthName "harnessville.com statistics" AuthType Basic AuthUserFile /home/harnessville/.awstats-htpasswd require valid-user RedirectMatch /cgi-bin/mailman/([^/.])(.cgi)?(.) https://harnessville.com:10000/virtualmin-mailman/unauthenticated/$1.cgi$3 RedirectMatch /mailman/([^/.])(.cgi)?(.) https://harnessville.com:10000/virtualmin-mailman/unauthenticated/$1.cgi$3 RemoveHandler .php RemoveHandler .php5 IPCCommTimeout 31

SuexecUserGroup "#501" "#502" ServerName missybunny.ca ServerAlias www.missybunny.ca ServerAlias webmail.missybunny.ca ServerAlias admin.missybunny.ca DocumentRoot /home/missybunny/public_html ErrorLog /home/missybunny/logs/error_log CustomLog /home/missybunny/logs/access_log combined ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /home/missybunny/cgi-bin/ ScriptAlias /awstats/ /home/missybunny/cgi-bin/ DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php index.php4 index.php5 Options Indexes IncludesNOEXEC FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI allow from all AllowOverride All AddHandler fcgid-script .php AddHandler fcgid-script .php5 FCGIWrapper /home/missybunny/fcgi-bin/php5.fcgi .php FCGIWrapper /home/missybunny/fcgi-bin/php5.fcgi .php5 allow from all RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} =webmail.missybunny.ca RewriteRule ^(.) https://missybunny.ca:20000/ [R] RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} =admin.missybunny.ca RewriteRule ^(.) https://missybunny.ca:10000/ [R] RemoveHandler .php RemoveHandler .php5 IPCCommTimeout 31 Alias /dav /home/missybunny/public_html Alias /pipermail /var/lib/mailman/archives/public DAV On AuthType Basic AuthName missybunny.ca AuthUserFile /home/missybunny/etc/dav.digest.passwd Require valid-user ForceType text/plain Satisfy All RemoveHandler .php RemoveHandler .php5 RewriteEngine off AuthName "missybunny.ca statistics" AuthType Basic AuthUserFile /home/missybunny/.awstats-htpasswd require valid-user RedirectMatch /cgi-bin/mailman/([^/.])(.cgi)?(.) https://missybunny.ca:10000/virtualmin-mailman/unauthenticated/$1.cgi$3 RedirectMatch /mailman/([^/.])(.cgi)?(.) https://missybunny.ca:10000/virtualmin-mailman/unauthenticated/$1.cgi$3

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 18:56
andreychek

Yeah, NAT certainly manages to add a layer of complexity to things :-)

I see two Virtual Servers, one on 192.168.0.110, the other 192.168.0.111.

Those have to be the IP's that your router is forwarding requests to.

Specifically, when someone is browsing to harnessville.com, it has to forward to 192.168.0.110. When someone browses to missybunny.ca, it has to be forwarded to 192.168.0.111.

If that's not the case, then your config as it is now won't work correctly.

Also, you may want to try restarting Apache with "/etc/init.d/httpd restart" -- if there's any errors in your Apache config, restarting Apache would show them.

-Eric

Thu, 02/10/2011 - 23:37 (Reply to #10)
lbradford

I did restart Apache but received no errors. So I need to modify the iptables to point from the public address to private address. I will give it a try. Thanks for your help.