Issue with Postfix

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#1 Sat, 03/14/2015 - 14:48
szer0p

Issue with Postfix

Hallo,

I have a Problem with Postfix i dont know what i did i could send emails but they come into junkmail but now i cant send anythings

i have checkd /var/log/maillog

i found those error logs

server postfix/error[8897]: 65DC811A0AD1: to=<*EMAILADRESSE**>, relay=none, delay=0.09, delays=0.07/0.01/0/0.02, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (mail transport unavailable)

have u any idea ?

thanks alot

Sat, 03/14/2015 - 19:18
andreychek

Howdy,

If you restart Postfix, do you see any errors in the mail logs? You can restart Postfix with this command:

/etc/init.d/postfix restart

Sun, 03/15/2015 - 04:40
szer0p

thanks for ur replay

Shutting down postfix: [ OK ] Starting postfix: [ OK ]

and the log i got those

Mar 15 09:37:10 server postfix/postfix-script[30451]: stopping the Postfix mail system Mar 15 09:37:10 server postfix/master[8731]: terminating on signal 15 Mar 15 09:37:11 server postfix/postfix-script[30523]: starting the Postfix mail system Mar 15 09:37:11 server postfix/master[30524]: daemon started -- version 2.6.6, configuration /etc/postfix

i wanna ask mynetworks mynetworks = 168.100.189.0/28, 127.0.0.0/8 should i change 168.100.189.0 to my VPS IP addresse ?

Sun, 03/15/2015 - 04:59
szer0p
Mar 15 09:50:28 server postfix/qmgr[30752]: 65DC811A0AD1: from=<root@****.com>, size=457, nrcpt=1 (queue active)
Mar 15 09:50:28 server postfix/qmgr[30752]: warning: connect to transport private/scan: No such file or directory
Mar 15 09:50:28 server postfix/error[30996]: 65DC811A0AD1: to=<***email***>, relay=none, delay=50779, delays=50779/0.01/0/0.01, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (mail transport unavailable)
Mar 15 09:55:00 server postfix/pickup[30751]: 91F8B11A0B37: uid=0 from=<root>
Mar 15 09:55:00 server postfix/cleanup[31111]: 91F8B11A0B37: message-id=<20150315085500.91F8B11A0B37@server.*****.com>
Mar 15 09:55:00 server postfix/qmgr[30752]: 91F8B11A0B37: from=<root@******.com>, size=450, nrcpt=1 (queue active)
Mar 15 09:55:00 server postfix/qmgr[30752]: warning: connect to transport private/scan: No such file or directory
Mar 15 09:55:00 server postfix/error[31113]: 91F8B11A0B37: to=<******>, relay=none, delay=0.38, delays=0.35/0.01/0/0.02, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (mail transport unavailable)
Sun, 03/15/2015 - 05:15
szer0p

Here is the output from "postconf -n"

alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
body_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/body_checks
command_directory = /usr/sbin
config_directory = /etc/postfix
content_filter = scan:127.0.0.1:10025
daemon_directory = /usr/libexec/postfix
data_directory = /var/lib/postfix
debug_peer_level = 2
header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks
home_mailbox = Maildir/
html_directory = no
inet_interfaces = localhost
inet_protocols = all
mail_owner = postfix
mailbox_size_limit = 104857600
mailq_path = /usr/bin/mailq.postfix
manpage_directory = /usr/share/man
message_size_limit = 5242880
mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost, $mydomain
mydomain = ******.com
myhostname = server.*******.com
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8
myorigin = $mydomain
newaliases_path = /usr/bin/newaliases.postfix
queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix
readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix-2.6.6/README_FILES
sample_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix-2.6.6/samples
sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail.postfix
setgid_group = postdrop
smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks,permit_auth_destination,permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_local_domain = $myhostname
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth-client
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550
Mon, 03/16/2015 - 08:55
andreychek

Hmm, the error "warning: connect to transport private/scan: No such file or directory" is a curious one. Could you paste in the contents of your /etc/postfix/master.cf file? I'm wondering if there's something in there that's causing the problem.

That said, it wouldn't hurt to make sure your server's IP or network shows up in the "mynetworks" line.

-Eric

Mon, 03/16/2015 - 14:06
szer0p

Hallo Eric,

Heer is the mater.cf

#
# Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
# of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master").
#
# Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
#
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#submission inet n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#smtps     inet  n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#628      inet  n       -       n       -       -       qmqpd
pickup    fifo  n       -       n       60      1       pickup
cleanup   unix  n       -       n       -       0       cleanup
qmgr      fifo  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
#qmgr     fifo  n       -       n       300     1       oqmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -       -       n       1000?   1       tlsmgr
rewrite   unix  -       -       n       -       -       trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
defer     unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
trace     unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
verify    unix  -       -       n       -       1       verify
flush     unix  n       -       n       1000?   0       flush
proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
smtp      unix  -       -       n       -       -       smtp
# When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops
relay     unix  -       -       n       -       -       smtp
-o smtp_fallback_relay=
#       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq     unix  n       -       n       -       -       showq
error     unix  -       -       n       -       -       error
retry     unix  -       -       n       -       -       error
discard   unix  -       -       n       -       -       discard
local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
lmtp      unix  -       -       n       -       -       lmtp
anvil     unix  -       -       n       -       1       anvil
scache    unix  -       -       n       -       1       scache
#
# ====================================================================
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
# agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
# and other message envelope options.
# ====================================================================
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
# Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/local/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# The Cyrus deliver program has changed incompatibly, multiple times.
#
#old-cyrus unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=R user=cyrus argv=/usr/lib/cyrus-imapd/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
# Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#cyrus     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  user=cyrus argv=/usr/lib/cyrus-imapd/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
#
#uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Other external delivery methods.
#
#ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
#
#bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/local/sbin/bsmtp -f $sender $nexthop $recipient
#
#scalemail-backend unix -       n       n       -       2       pipe
#  flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store
#  ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
#
#mailman   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
#  ${nexthop} ${user}
# add follows to the end

submission inet n - n - - smtpd
  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_sasl_type=dovecot
  -o smtpd_sasl_path=private/auth
  -o smtpd_sasl_security_options=noanonymous
  -o smtpd_sasl_local_domain=$myhostname
  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
  -o smtpd_sender_login_maps=hash:/etc/postfix/virtual
  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=reject_sender_login_mismatch
  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=reject_non_fqdn_recipient,reject_unknown_recipient_domain,permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
Mon, 03/16/2015 - 14:13
Welshman
Welshman's picture

Any chance of some good forum software? I recommend woltlab burning board 4+ Post above looks like a dogs dinner.

Chaos Reigns Within, Reflect, Repent and Reboot, Order Shall Return.

Tue, 03/17/2015 - 09:09 (Reply to #8)
andreychek

I wrapped the config file above in "code" tags, which makes it look nicer. Joe is working on a migration to Drupal 7 though, which will come with an improved Forum.

-Eric

Tue, 03/17/2015 - 09:13
andreychek

It took me a few looks to notice this, but I think I see what might be causing the problem you're experiencing... I think it's related to this line that was added to the Postfix config:

content_filter = scan:127.0.0.1:10025

Try commenting that out, restart Postfix, and see if that resolve the issue for you.

-Eric

Tue, 03/17/2015 - 09:31
szer0p

Wooow Tanks Eric u r Genius

Tue, 03/17/2015 - 09:34
szer0p

But the emails come to junk mail .. Any idea to solce this Problem

Thanks again Eric I apreciate ur help

Tue, 03/17/2015 - 09:59
andreychek

Howdy,

What do you mean by the emails come to junk mail -- is it emails being sent to users on your server end up in the spam folder? Or is that emails originating from your server end up in the junk folder on remote systems?

-Eric

Tue, 03/17/2015 - 10:05
szer0p

My vps now can send emails to hotmail but i must go to junk mail to see the email also the hotmail mark this as spam

Can i solve this Problem ? Thanks

Tue, 03/17/2015 - 11:03
andreychek

Howdy,

You may want to verify at a site such as this one that your IP address isn't listed on an RBL:

http://www.anti-abuse.org/multi-rbl-check/

You'd also want to make sure that you have a reverse DNS record setup for your IP address -- that's something that your ISP would setup for you.

You could also look into setting up SPF or DKIM, both of which can help prevent that.

-Eric

Wed, 03/18/2015 - 17:06
Diabolico
Diabolico's picture

Hotmail, Gmail and many others will automatically mark your email as junk or spam if you miss any of this three options DKIM, SPF and rDNS. This site https://www.unlocktheinbox.com/resources/emailauthentication/ is great if you want to check your email and see if everything is in order. Last but not lease, like Eric suggested check if your domain or IP are on the black list.

- I often come to the conclusion that my brain has too many tabs open. -
Failing at desktop publishing & graphic design since 1994.